Acid Reflux (GER), Milk Protein Allergy vs
Lactose Intolerance in Colic



Infant colic has more than one potential cause - the word ”colic” can apply to any otherwise healthy baby that cries inconsolably for more than three hours a day, three days a week, for three or more weeks. Other symptoms can include fussiness, moaning, bloating and persistent gas.

Here’s a quick guide to the most frequently occurring colic causes:


Infant Lactose Intolerance or Transient Lactase Deficiency (TLD).


This is different from adult lactose intolerance, which usually sets in when a child is in grade school or later. TLD is a result of an immature digestive system and usually disappears by the time a baby is three or four months old. It is quite common and proven to account for about 40% of colic cases. Infants with transient lactase deficiency have trouble breaking down the lactose sugars in milk (both breast milk and cow’s milk-based formula), leading to discomfort and excessive crying. Colief® Infant Drops is a safe, natural lactase enzyme added to baby’s milk before he is fed to help break down that lactose. Colief® Infant Drops has been shown to reduce crying times in affected babies by up to 45%.


Acid Reflux or Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GER or GERD).


Babies with GER experience what we call heartburn in adults. Some spitting up is perfectly normal, but when acid from the stomach passes back up into the esophagus it can cause severe pain. Other symptoms can include wheezing and chest infections. When colic is related to GER, it can be somewhat relieved by keeping your baby in an upright position after feeding. Your pediatrician can prescribe medication when GER is severe. Consult your pediatrician for the best advice on the safest solutions and sleeping positions for babies suffering from this kind of colic.


Milk Protein Allergy


Although both are related to milk and it’s easy to get the two confused, milk protein allergy is different from lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance is related to the sugar in milk; in the case of a milk protein allergy, the problem is the protein. Milk protein allergies are a relatively rare cause of colic, and account for between 2% and 10% of colic cases. Symptoms of milk protein allergy may include diarrhea and greenish or even bloody stools (which is a sure sign that your baby needs to see a doctor immediately, whether caused by milk protein allergy or not.) In most cases, babies who suffer from milk protein allergy can handle breast milk with no problems, and it’s only when they’re fed cow’s milk formula that the problems occur. Hypoallergenic formula is available as an alternative. Sometimes it’s also worthwhile for nursing moms to avoid dairy foods when milk protein allergy is the cause of colic.

(sources: http://www.askdrsears.com/topics/childhood-illnesses/ger/ger-hidden-cause-colic , http://pregnant.thebump.com/new-mom-new-dad/baby-symptoms-conditions/articles/milk-protein-intolerance.aspx)

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